Students in third grade learned the difference between making an inference and an observation.  Students were asked to observe as the teacher presented them with what appeared to be a candle.  Students continued to observe as their teacher lit the "candle" and blew it out.  Next, they were asked to share what was observed.  After sharing out their observations, third graders were completely surprised when their teacher took a big bite of the candle and ATE IT!  The “candle” turned out to be a mozzarella stick with a sliver of almond as the wick.  This was the perfect opportunity for teachers to discuss the difference between an inference and an observation.  They learned that observations are based on facts or evidence gathered using the five senses.  Inference is based on their own reasoning and speculation.